b'Page22, MosaicofCulturesexplorer, 2021OfficialVisitorsGuideFortAnneNHSCanadasmostfoughtoverlandchangedhandsbetweentheFrenchandBritish7timesovera105yearperiod.In1710,GovernorSubercasehandedoverthekeyforthefinaltimeandhadteawiththeladies.NEWENGLAND isanElizabethanwordforsettler Scotia(comingfromareasoutsidePLANTERS orcolonist.Thenewsettlerswere of the UK) left its mark on theveryinterestedinbringingsomeof history of the area.AsAcadiaAlthoughNovaScotiawasunder theirNewEnglandcustoms.Itwas UniversitysDr.MargaretConradBritishruleafterthe1713Treatyof important to have a say in the stated in the title of one of herUtretch, its main population was governmentandbeabletopractice books,TheyPlantedWell. FortAnneHeritageTapestrycomposedoftheAcadiansandtheir theirreligionintheAnglicancolony LOYALISTS&ofNovaScotia.GovernorLawrence friends, the Mikmaq. British saidthegovernmentwassimilarto BLACKLOYALISTS whosepopulationatthetimewas Also called British Tories, thesettlershadnotbeenockingfrom theirs(thoughnotquitetrue),andEngland, New England or other that all the Protestant religions Refugeesdisplacedbywar,politics around120.Theharshrealitywas Loyalists included people fromProtestantareasbecausetheydidnot couldbepractisedinNovaScotia. andreligionhavebeenapartofthe thatNovaScotiadidnothavethe differentculturalgroupsincludingwanttobeaminorityinwhatwasa humanstorythroughouttheworld infrastructure to accommodate Scottish, English, Irish, GermanBritishterritoryinnamealone. forcenturies.TheAnnapolisRoyal suchalargeinuxofpeople. and Dutch. Some came fromWith the Deportation of the Areahasalinktoamassmigration variousreligiousminoritiessuchasAcadiansstartingin1755,thefall of refugees who came to Nova ConditionsinAnnapolisRoyalwere the Mennonites and Quakers.ofLouisbourgin1758,Qubecin Scotiafollowingthedefeatofthe lessthanideal.SomeLoyalistsalso Mohawksandapproximately3,0001759andMontrealin1760,New British during theAmerican broughttheirslaveswiththem,so BlackLoyalistsalsolefttheU.S.FrancewasnowBritish,andNova Revolution. They came seeking noteveryonewasfree.Ofthe500 TheLoyalistswereNovaScotiasScotiawasasafeplaceforEnglish independancefromthedominance Loyalists brought toAnnapolis rstmultiracialrefugees.Protestantstosettle. NorthHillsMuseum(c.1764) ofoppressivegovernance.Theyare Royal,manymoveddowntothecalled Loyalists because they Digby area or to Weymouth. Today there are many LoyalistOnOct.12,1758,GovernorCharles LandwasgivenintheTownshipsof supportedtheBritishcauseinthe Elsewhere, some Loyalists went descendantsinNovaScotia.UnitedLawrenceofNovaScotiaissueda AnnapolisRoyal,Granville,Onslow, American War of Independence. backtheUnitedStates,andabout Empire Loyalists throughout theproclamation published in the Hortonville,Cornwallis,Falmouth. Manyslaveswerepromisedtheir 1,200 Black Loyalists left Nova worldareproudoftheirancestorsBoston Gazette advertising free Somefishermenwerealsointerested freedom if they fought with the ScotiaforSierraLeoneandstarted wholefttheirmarkwherevertheylandtoprospectiveNewEngland in coming because of the good BritishagainsttheColonists. thecommunityofFreetown. eventuallylocated.settlerswhocouldapplyforland fishinggrounds.TheyweregivengrantsinNovaScotia.Ashorttime landintheTownshipsofLiverpool, FollowingtheBritishdefeat,many New Brunswick separated from Two of the most notable Blacklater,GovernorLawrenceissueda BarringtonandYarmouth. Loyalists emigrated to British NovaScotiain1784.Loyalistswho LoyalistsfromAnnapolisRoyalaresecond proclamation stating that ThePlantersandtheirdescendants colonies in 17831784 to live hadsettledinSaintJohnandalong RoseFortuneandherdescendant,familiescouldreceive100acresof havemaintainedthedykesandrich under British rule. Nova Scotia, theSaintJohnRiver,startedanew Dr. Daurene E. Lewis, CM. Forlandfortheheadofthehousehold, agriculturallandsleftbehindwith which at the time consisted of capitalinFredericton. theirstoriesseepages9and28.and50acresforeachmemberofthe theAcadian Deportation. The presentdayNovaScotiaandNewfamily,uptoatotalof1,000acres, fishermenhavedonewellonNova Brunswick,wasarefugeforovertaxfree,for10years. ScotiasSouthShore.SomePlanters 30,000Loyalistsseekinganewlife.The population of New England have been influential clergymen, Therewere3,000BlackLoyalistshadgrownmuchmorerapidlythan whileothershavegoneintopolitics inthismigration.SirGuyCarletonin Nova Scotia. Some colonies andacademia,healthandsciences, inNewYorkhonouredtheBritishwere starting to run out of good businessandindustry,andthearts pledgeoffreedomafterthewar.Theandagriculture.Planterdescendant,farm land for fathers to leave to ThomasChandlerHaliburton,noted namesoftheBlackLoyalistsweretheiroffspring.Theofferoflandin judgeandauthor,practisedlawin writtenintheBookofNegroeswhichNovaScotiawasappealing.Land Annapolis Royal in the 1820s. grantedthemfreedomandland.agentsweresenttoassesstheland. FilledwithlovelyGeorgianantiques TheLoyalistswerepromisedLandBetween1759and1768over8,000 today, North Hills Museum is GrantsinNovaScotia.Uponarrival,settlerscametoNovaScotiafrom housedinabuildingthatwasbuilt they outnumbered the English,Massachusetts, Connecticut and byaPlantercirca1764. Acadian, Planter and MikmawRhode Island, referred to as the The first major migration of populationinthearea.About500NewEnglandPlanters.Planter EnglishcoloniststosettleinNova LoyalistsarrivedinAnnapolisRoyalOneoftheoldestpermanentEuropeansettlementsinCanadacombinedwithastrongfoundationofMikmaqroots.BeyondOqwatitek~APlaceofDialogueandDiversity. RoseFortuneMonument&Plaza'