b'BeyondOqwatitek explorer, 2021OfficialVisitorsGuide,Page21FortAnneNHS HistoricGardensFrenchpresencecontinuedthroughthemilitarystationedatlefortde NovaScotiaCoatofArmsgranted TheAcadianssettledinthisareain1636.TheyconstructedtheirhomesPortRoyal.TheFrenchbuilt4fortsonthesiteofpresentdayFortAnne. byKingCharlesIin1625. ontheuplandsandbuiltdykestoreclaimthelowlandsaltmarshes.FRENCH Laterintheseason,Wolastoqiyik TheFrenchfamiliesstartedsettlingEndoftheHabitation (Maliseets) came from the Saint the presentday Goat Island toJohn River and had beaver and ParadisesectionoftheAnnapolisThe PortRoyal Habitation was moosehidestotrade.Inthefall, River(formallycalledtherivireshortlivedasitwasattackedand Claude de La Tour brought Dauphin).BuildingdykestoreclaimburneddownbytheEnglishfrom Mikmaw Chief Segipt, his wife the lowland salt marshes forJamestown,Virginiainthefallof andsonstoEnglandtobepresented agriculturalpurposes,theydeveloped1613.Althoughthisputanendto toKingCharlesI. a selfsufficient, independentthe first attempt at permanent lifestyle,tradingtheirbountyfromEuropeansettlementintheregion, theland,forestandseaformaterialsomeoftheFrenchsuchasCharles goods they could not produceLaTourandCharlesdeBiencourt locally. Over time, these settlersstayedintheregionwhilemostof becameknownastheAcadians. 1,664AcadiansweredeportedfromAnnapolisRoyalin1755.PaintingthesettlerswentbacktoFrance.La TheAcadians developed good byWillvonDehlcourtesyofBenProudfoot,BreakwaterStudios,Ltd.TourandBiencourtbothmarriedMikmaqandcontinuedtheFrench relations with the Mikmaq. By STRUGGLEFOREMPIREFriendswiththeMimaq,butpresenceinthearea. marrying into the MikmawSCOTS population,theyformedbondsof MostFoughtOverLand caughtinthemiddleofthestruggle kinshipandfriendship.Bybuildingdykesandreclaimingthelowland inCanadianHistory for Empire in NorthAmericaOriginofNewScotland saltmarshes,theAcadiansdidnot betweenEnglandandFrance,thetakeoverallofthetraditionallands The PortRoyalArea changed Acadian people became victimsThe year 2021 marks the 400th andforestsoftheMikmaq.These handsseventimesbetween1605 duringtheGreatUpheavalof1755.anniversaryoftheRoyalCharterof actions helped forge a military 1710.TheBritishseizeditforthe OnDecember8,1755,theBritishNovaScotiasignedbyKingJames alliance.TheAcadiansdidnothave finaltimein1710whenColonel deported 1,664Acadians fromVIofScotlandandIofEngland, to fear Mikmaw raids on their FrancisNicholsoncapturedthefort Annapolis Royal. In total overgrantingthepresentdayMaritime settlements. fromFrenchGovernorSubercase. 10,000weredeportedtotheBritishprovincesandGaspPeninsulato Nicholson renamed the town coloniesofMassachusettesandasSirWilliamAlexanderofMenstrie Inthe1670s1680ssomeAcadians AnnapolisRoyalinhonourofthe farsouthasGeorgia.NoneweretosettletheareaforScotland.Since In 1632 the Treaty of Saint startedmovingawayfromthePort reigning monarch, QueenAnne. deporteddirectlytoLouisianasincetherewasaNewEngland,aNew GermainenLaye ceded the area RoyalArea.Asfamiliesgrewlarger PolisisGreekforcity,sowe itwasaSpanishCatholicterritoryFrance and a Newfoundland, the backtotheFrench.Althoughshort withsecondandthirdgenerations, are The Royal City of Anne. atthetime.TheLouisianaCajunsScottishterritorywascalledNew lived, the legacy of the 1629 someAcadians moved to larger Annapolis Royal remained the gotthereontheirownthroughaScotland.TheRoyalCharter(1621 ScottishsettlementatPortRoyalis expanses of tidal areas such as capitalofNovaScotiauntil1749 series of independent migrations.copyondisplayatFortAnneNHS) thenameoftheprovince,NOVA Beaubassin, Grand Pr, Pisiquid when Halifax was started to Today,themajorityofAcadianslivewaswritteninLatin,hencetheland SCOTIA(LatinforNewScotland), andCobequidtoobtainland.Some counterbalance the new French inQubec,Louisiana,France,NewwasreferredtoasNovaScotia. aswellastheprovincialagand Acadians also moved from the capitalatFortressLouisbourg. EnglandandtheMaritimeProvinces.In1629,SirWilliamAlexanderthe coatofarms,bothgrantedin1625. PortRoyal region to escape theyoungerarrivedwithagroupofabout ACADIANS constant raids by New England70settlersincludingmen,women troops on the area. Since Portandchildren.HebuiltCharlesfort, CradleofAcadie Royal/Annapolis Royal was thenamedinhonourofKingCharlesI capitalofthecolony,itborethebrunt(KingJamesson).Archaeological The PortRoyal, nowAnnapolis ofmostoftheattacks.Builtin1702,evidenceindicatesthatCharlesfort Royal, Area is the Cradle of the last French fort followed thewasconstructedonthefrontedge Acadie.After the shortlived fortificationprinciplesofVauban.ofpresentdayFortAnneNHSin Scottishsettlement,16291632, WhentheBritishwereincontrolofAnnapolisRoyal. theFrenchreturnedinthe1630s. the area prior to 1710, theyShortlyaftertheirarrival,theScots Charles de Menou dAulnay governedfromBoston.After1710,encountered two Mikmaq in a broughtFrenchsettlerstothearea the onsite officers sometimesbirchbark canoe. They brought in1636includingmen,womenand marriedAcadianwomenincludinggifts,andtheScotsdetectedBasque children.Helaterbuiltafortover MajorJohnHandfield,theBritishandFrenchwordsintheirdialect. theCharlesfortlocationin1643. commanderduringtheDeportation.ThePortRoyal/AnnapolisRoyalAreawasthesiteofcolonialcapitalsofFrance,ScotlandandGreatBritain.AnnapolisRoyalwascapitalofNovaScotiauntilHalifaxstartedin1749. HistoricGardens'