b"Page20, CradleofOurNationexplorer, 2021OfficialVisitorsGuidePortRoyalNHSTheMikmaqhonoursevendirections(theSky,theEarth,theSoulplusNorth,East,SouthandWest)and SettledbytheFrenchin1605,thePortRoyal/AnnapolisRoyalAreaislivebytheSevenTeachingsoflove,respect,humility,honesty,truth,wisdomandcourage. oneoftheoldestpermanentEuropeansettlementsinCanada.MIKMAQ toldandrelatedbythosewhohave Mikmaki was created by the FRENCH 160405onSt.CroixIslandatthelivedandexperiencedtheevents. Great Creator to provide for the ArrivalinMikmaki mouthoftheSt.CroixRiverwhichTherhythmofthepaddlebreaking people of Mikmaki. It was the is the presentday border riverthewaterasbirchbarkcanoesglided Mikmakiiscomposedof7districts, philosophyandwayoflifeofthe AfterthevoyagesofJohnCabotin between New Brunswick andmajesticallyalongthewaterways, andAnnapolisRoyalislocatedin Mikmaqtolookaftertheirnatural 1497andJaquesCartierin1534, Maine.Afteradisastrouswinterinandthesoftsoundofthemocassin thedistrictofKespukwitkmeaning environment, not only for their French,English,Basques,Spanish whichalmosthalfofthemendiedquietlytouchingthegroundduring endofow.TheMikmaqused childrenandgrandchildren,butfor andotherEuropeanfishermenwere ofscurvy,theMikmaqarrivedwiththehuntwereprevalentinMikmaki descriptivewordstonameanarea. the7generationstocome.Thatishow bringing the bountiful harvest of foodtosavethecolony.longbeforeEuropeanseversetfoot In Kespukwitk, the rivers and onecanpayrespecttotheGreat codfromtheGulfofSt.Lawrence FRENCHonthisland. basins ow out into the Bay of Creator,MotherEarth,theancestors, andtheAtlanticCoastofMikmakiFundyortheAtlanticOcean.The futuregenerationsandensurethat totheEuropeantables,longbefore SettlementatPort-RoyalAnnapolis River was known as Mikmakiwillprovideintoinnity. permanentsettlementwasattempted.Tewapskik,waterowingbetween TheytradedEuropean goods with Inthespringof1605,theychangedrocks.TheAnnapolisBasin,which WiththearrivalofEuropeans,rst theMikmaqinexchangeforfurs thelocationofthesettlementfromstretchesfromGoatIslandtoDigby, onaseasonalshingandtrading tosupplementtheirincome. St.CroixIslandtoPortRoyalandwas named Nmejuaqnek, the basisinthe16thcentury,andlater builtthePortRoyalHabitationtoplaceofbountifulsh. with the intent of permanent The first Europeans coming to serveasafurtradingpostandbaseThe Mikmaq lived a hunter settlementintheearly17thcentury, settle the presentday region of fortheiroperations2yearsbeforegathererwayoflife.Theywould the way of life for the Mikmaq PortRoyal/Annapolis Royal (a Jamestown, Virginia, 3 yearsset up encampments along the changed. They welcomed the part of M ikmaki known as beforethefoundingofQubec,andshoreduringspringandsummerto French,showedthemhowtolive Kespukwitk)weretheFrenchled 15yearsbeforethePilgrimslandedharvesttheeels,shellsh,smelts, and survive in Mikmaki and byPierreDuguaSieurdeMonsand atPlymouthRock.MikmaqGrandgaspereau, porpoise and other intermarried. Their way of life his cartographer, Samuel de Chief Membertou and his peopleseafoodthattheGreatCreatorhad changedastheygotcaughtinthe Champlain. In 1604, sailing intoputonMotherEarth. middle of the conict between whatisnowtheAnnapolisBasin welcomedtheFrenchandshowed FranceandEnglandforcontrolof (called Nmejuaqnek by the them how to survive.A trade,Mikmaki is the ancestral and Mikmaki.WhenChamplainbuilt Mikmaq),Champlainnamedthe friendship,andmilitaryalliancethatunceded land of the Mikmaq. It thePortRoyalHabitationin1605, harbour PortRoyal. He was wastospanthenext150yearswasencompassesthelandsnowknown there were more Mikmaq that struckbythebeautyoftheareaand forgedatPortRoyal.TheMikmaqasNovaScotia,NewBrunswick, Europeans in Mikmaki. One commentedthatallthevesselsof wereinvitedguestsattheOrderofPrince Edward Island and the hundredyearslater,over85%of theFrenchRoyalFleetcouldsafely GoodCheer,thediningclubthatGaspPeninsulaofQubec. theMikmaqdied,notfrombattle, anchorwithinitsconfines. Champlainstartedtoensureagoodbut from diseases the EuropeansdietaswellasanattempttohelppassTheMikmaqhavelivedinMikmaki broughtintotheirterritory. De Mons and his men built a thelongwinternightsthroughfood,since time immemorial. In 2017, settlement to pass the winter of entertainmentandcamaraderie.during a ceremony at FortAnne By1710,whentheBritishcapturedNHS,theExecutiveDirectorofthe Theygatheredberriesandnutsfrom thePortRoyalAreafromtheFrenchConfederacyofMainlandMikmaq, theeldsandforestsandharvested forthenaltime,therewasabigDr.DonJulian,remarkedthatthe birchbark,woodenpolesandroots transformation.PortRoyalbecameMikmaqhavebeeninMikmaki for the construction of wigwams AnnapolisRoyalandKespukwitkfor540generations.Thinkabout andcanoes.Inwintertheywould becamepartoftheBritishterritoryyourownfamily,andseehowfar gointotheinteriorandhuntcaribou, ofNovaScotia.TheMikmaqhadbackyoucancount.Timeimmemorial moose,gamemeatandfowlnecessary to try to survive under a Britishor540generationsisalong,long forsurvival.TheMikmaqrespected government.Theysignedaseriestime, indeedmuch older than MotherEarthandalloftheplants, of Peace, Trade and FriendshipancientRome,GreeceorEgypt. animals,water,rocksandairshe Treatiesstartingwiththeraticationprovided. When they killed an of the 1725 Boston Treaty inMostoftheMikmawhistoryhas animal,theyusedallofitspartsfor Annapolis Royal in 1726. Whenbeen passed down orally from food,tools,clothinganddwellings. Halifaxwasstartedin1749,theregenerationtogenerationbyelders wasasuccessionofsimilartreatiesofthecommunity.Wampumbelts UnliketheEuropeanswhoarrived signedbetweentheMikmaqandthewereoftenusedasaidememoirs inMikmakiforsettlementinthe British.TheMikmaqnevercededto help record the story. Oral early1600s,theMikmaqhadno anyland.Mikmakiistheuncededhistoryisimportantbecauseitis conceptoflandownership. ancestrallandsoftheMikmaq.LocatedinMi'kma'kiontheuncededancestrallandsoftheMikmaq,AnnapolisRoyalhasanationallysignificantstorytotell~acolourfulmosaicofcultures,strengthanddiversity. FortAnneHeritageTapestry"